Vannamei Shrimp Farming Technician: Challenges and Responsibilities

Indra Wicaksono S.Pi

Aquaculture Assistant

The profession of a vannamei shrimp farming technician offers experiences that come with both challenges and benefits. Challenges in vannamei shrimp farming include the lengthy shrimp life cycle, complex environmental management, disease risks, and the influence of weather factors. Vannamei shrimp cultivation takes a considerable amount of time to reach the harvesting stage, requiring patience to await the final results. Throughout the maintenance process, stability in water quality and optimal pond environments is crucial. Therefore, a deep understanding of factors such as temperature, salinity, pH, and dissolved oxygen is necessary. Extended cultivation periods expose vannamei shrimp to various diseases. Technicians need a good understanding of these diseases and the ability to identify and address shrimp health issues. Additionally, weather, seasons, and natural factors can impact shrimp production, with extreme weather changes or climate alterations posing additional challenges.

Despite numerous challenges, vannamei shrimp commands a high market price. The global demand for vannamei shrimp continues to rise, presenting business growth opportunities and employment prospects in the shrimp farming industry. Other industries are also attracted to shrimp farming’s success. Technology and innovation are rapidly advancing in this industry, incorporating systems such as cultivation filtration, automated feed technology, and soluble organic skimmers.

Despite various challenges, Vannamei shrimp farming technicians can experience satisfaction in seeing the results of their hard work in achieving high-quality and sustainable shrimp production. Success in this profession depends on the ability to overcome obstacles and continually learn from experiences. As a vannamei shrimp farming technician, the profession involves various tasks, including:

  1. Water Quality Management
  • Monitoring water quality parameters such as temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, pH, and ammonia.
  • Regularly collecting water samples for laboratory analysis.
  1. Feed and Shrimp Growth Management
  • Planning appropriate and balanced shrimp feed for growth.
  • Regularly feeding shrimp and ensuring an adequate supply of feed.
  1. Facility and Infrastructure Maintenance
  • Maintaining ponds, machinery, and warehouses.
  • Ensuring that facilities and infrastructure are well-maintained.
  1. Biosecurity Management
  • Ensuring all team members implement pond biosecurity measures.
  • Implementing biosecurity measures from outside the farm to inside the farm, between ponds, and beyond.
  1. Larvae Maintenance
  • Selecting healthy and high-quality shrimp larvae.
  • Testing shrimp larvae before introducing them to cultivation ponds.
  1. Harvesting Management
  • Determining the optimal time for harvesting.
  • Estimating the shrimp tonnage to be harvested.
  1. Data Recording
  • Recording all activities, environmental data, growth, and feed data.
  • Analyzing data to identify trends and possible improvements.
  1. Research and Innovation
  • Keeping up with the latest developments in shrimp farming.
  • Trying new cultivation techniques to enhance yield and efficiency.
  1. Employee Management and Safety
  • Establishing collaboration with cultivation team members.
  • Communicating with management and other staff to ensure smooth operations.
  • Complying with safety guidelines in the farm environment.
  • Using necessary Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Shrimp farming demands attention and strong skills in managing water environments and overcoming potential challenges. It is essential to stay updated and continue learning about best cultivation practices.

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